Muglia bases his wide-ranging reflections upon his experience in the recovery of young people in a Juvenile Criminal Institute in Southern Italy. He advances in this book a proposal for the formation of the heart, drawing on the sapiential knowledge of the Fathers of the Church and Eastern spirituality, enriched with selected information from modern psychology and behavioral sciences.
The "diseases of desire," which grip lost youth (and even adults with fragile personalities who have not matured enough), have multiplied in postmodern societies, imbued with materialism and exacerbated individualism. Muglia's description of these pathologies in the first chapter is extensive, even if sometimes it takes on "apocalyptic" tones. The immoderate use of new technologies has exacerbated the problem of personal identity formation, which has always been the challenge of every generation. It is true that today it is more difficult to pass on a legacy of "humanization" to the next generation…admitting that ours has acquired it. “Human truths” (including moral, spiritual, and religious truths), unlike technological and scientific progress, are not to be simply acquired and put to work without commitment and personal risk. The "inner center" of the person is at stake.
Muglia's proposed therapy (which I would also call formation) aims precisely at this spiritual core of the person, without the ploys characteristic of cultural environments that have precluded - due to ideological prejudice resulting from the Enlightenment - access to "spiritual resources" present since ancient times in the tradition of knowledge of every culture, including the Christian culture. The path that Muglia traces in order to "educate the invisible" follows well-measured steps: 1) the patience of becoming (which I would call educating about realism); 2) the pedagogy of bold gestures, which I would call teaching to make decisions, that is to form inner freedom, the only true freedom in front of which the ability to choose between an offer of options more or less varied is only a semblance; 3) all this with the help of the "inner Master," Someone who wants to work with us to get to be who we really are and not one of the many identical moulds. Today, unfortunately, many young people – and also not so young – act, operate... and become (therefore they are) mimetic photocopies of standardized models created by the "psychological engineers" of individual and social behavior who work at the service of the god Money in all its idolatrous forms with which it is dressed to entice one’s desires (power, recognition, sex, etc.). They are false idols that cannot satisfy our desires, because they are just effigies.
It is therefore, in my opinion, a daring, fascinating, and very useful book for educators. Perhaps the author gets too carried away by an “academicist itch” that leads him to fill the text with many scholarly quotations, which sometimes take away linearity from his thought. The final goal, however, is clear: to reach and purify the hearts of the lost or so-called "difficult" young people.